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  • Home > Brazil Airlines > TAM Airlines

    TAM Airlines

    Content: TAM Airlines - TAM Airlines Ticket - TAM Airlines Check In - TAM Airlines Flights - TAM Airlines Booking - TAM Airlines Route Map - TAM Airlines Timetable - TAM Airlines Offices - About TAM Airlines - TAM Airlines Flight Status - Baggage Allowance - Fares - Prices - Address - Phone Number - Careers - Passenger Information



    TAM Airlines

    TAM Airlines

  • TAM Airlines Official Site

    You can find all (flight status, destinations, booking, check in, baggage allowance, contact, adress, phone number, route map, fleet, timetable, flights, ticket, fares, route map, offices, careers) about TAM Airlines in official site of TAM Airlines. Please click the link above for visiting TAM Airlines site.


  • TAM Airlines Route Map

    You can see all destinations of TAM Airlines on the route map.


  • About TAM Airlines:

    TAM Airlines is Brazil's flag carrier. The Southern Hemisphere's busiest airline (in terms of passengers enplaned and flights operated), Headquartered in the Jardim Aeroporto area of Campo Belo, Sao Paulo City. TAM operates scheduled services from Sao Paulo to destinations within Brazil, as well as international flights to Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, Uruguay, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela, the United States, Portugal, the United Kingdom, France, Spain, Italy and Germany. The company is traded on the Sao Paulo Exchange (BM&F Bovespa) and New York Stock Exchange as "TAM S.A." As of May 2009 TAM is the leading airline in the domestic market in terms of market share, with a 49.2% participation, followed by GOL with a 38.7% market share.

    TAM was founded on February 21, 1961, by five former air-taxi pilots. The company was named Transportes Aereos Marilia, S.A. (Marilia Air Transport) after the pilots' hometown of Marilia, Sao Paulo. It began operations with 4 Cessna 180 and a single Cessna 170, ferrying cargo and passengers across Parana, Sao Paulo and Mato Grosso states.

    In 1964, Orlando Ometto, owner of agricultural ventures in the region, purchased a 50% stake in the company, with the intent to use its aircraft and pilots to support an agricultural expansion project of his own in central Brazil. With the capital, TAM purchased aircraft. As the original pilot-owners left the company, Ometto purchased their share of the company, eventually owning 100% of the company.

    In 1966, the company bought twin-engined aircraft models, including the Piper Aztec, Piper Navajo and the Rockwell Grand Commander. During this period, the company also relocated its offices from Marilia to the state's capital, Sao Paulo.

    In 1971, Ometto was losing money. In his search for someone to turn TAM around, Ometto called Rolim Amaro, a former pilot of TAM who had left and had formed an air-taxi company. Amaro proposed to liquidate his company and purchase a portion of TAM. While this did not constitute 50% of TAM's capital, he proposed to Ometto that if he was able to make TAM profitable within one year, he would be given the remaining portion of the 50%. In case he failed, he would receive nothing. In April, 1972, the contract between Amaro and Ometto was signed, giving Amaro operational control over the company.

    At the end of 1972, Amaro sold TAM's entire fleet. At the same time, he travelled to Cessna's Wichita, Kansas facility and after two months of negotiations with the company, he bought 10 Cessna 402 aircraft. Within one year, Amaro fulfilled his promise and was given 50% of TAM's capital.

    In 1974, TAM added two Learjets to its fleet. In exchange for one of these jets, 33% of the company's stock was given to the jet's owner, Tiao Maia. The three-way split between Maia, Ometto and Amaro would remain until 1975, when Maia sold his share to Ometto. This deteriorated the atmosphere between Amaro and Ometto. In 1976, after 9 months of negotiation for Ometto's 50%, Amaro wrote a check for $2 million, with the promise to pay it over a period of time.

    Despite selling one of the jets and other assets, he was still unable to make the payments. For a period of time, Amaro went as far as cancelling insurance for his planes, in an attempt to reduce costs. The morning after insurance was reinstated, on September 24, 1977, one of TAM's Learjets crashed on approach to Santos Dumont Airport. Despite no injuries, the aircraft was a total loss. However, with the cash from the Lear's insurance and the proceeds of the sale of a farm, Amaro concluded his purchase of TAM.

    In 1976, prior to Amaro's takeover, and following a federal law thatin 1975 created 5 regional airlines in Brazil, TAM had participated in a joint-venture with VASP (then a state-owned airline) to create a regional airline that would fly between Sao Paulo and Mato Grosso. The company, dubbed TAM Transportes Aereos Regionais S/A (IATA code KK) (TAM Regional Airlines), flew Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirantes at first. These, however, proved grossly inadequate for the task at hand, and even at full capacity needed to be subsidized by the government in order to be profitable.

    TAM went on to purchase three used Fokker F27 turboprops, which were then refurbished by Fokker in Holland. In order to obtain the import authorization for the aircraft, a deal was struck with the government where TAM was forced to maintain 3 Bandeirantes for every F27, as well as removing 5 seats from each one, bringing the F27's capacity down to 40 passengers. A fourth F27, previously owned by Air New Zealand, was incorporated in 1981. TAM would eventually own 10 F27s by 1983.

    By 1981, TAM had flown 1 million passengers, and 2 million by 1984.

    In August 1986 the company, under financial stress, went public and began floating stock in the market. The same year, TAM - Transportes Aereos Regionais (KK) acquired another regional airline, VOTEC, which operated in areas of northern and central Brazil. VOTEC was renamed Brasil Central Linhas Aéreas. TAM and Brasil Central, were both regional airlines and operated in different designated areas. They however operated as a consortium with integrated networks and fleet, being the most notable differences the flight-number IATA codes, the color scheme of the aircrafts and the areas where they were authorized to operate: whereas TAM - Transportes Aéreos Regionais flights had the IATA code KK, Brasil Central operated with the code JJ inherited from Votec; each one kept a different color scheme and operated in their own designated areas.

    On May 15, 1990 the Brazilian Government lifted restrictions on operational areas of regional airlines allowing them to fly anywhere in Brazil. As a consequence, Brasil Central was renamed TAM - Transportes Aereos Meridionais, acquired the same color scheme of TAM (KK) but maintained the IATA code JJ. In 2000 TAM (KK) was merged into TAM (JJ) and TAM (JJ) was renamed TAM Transportes Aereos. The IATA code KK ceased to be used.

    In 1988, TAM flew its 3 millionth passenger.

    Despite TAM's success in the market, it was evident the airline would not last long when competing against airlines such as Varig and VASP which already possessed Boeing 737s in their fleet. Amaro then tried to buy VASP, about to be privatized, and called the project "Revolution". Having lost the bid, he opted for a slower growth with a gradual addition of new aircraft, re-dubbed "Evolution".

    On September 15, 1989, TAM arranged for the acquisition of two Fokker 100 jets, which had originally been ordered by the now-bankrupt Pan American World Airways. Like the F27s before them, TAM did not actually purchase them, but used Amaro's credibility to arrange for a third-party asset management company, Guinness Peat Aviation to purchase them and subsequently lease them back to TAM. Two more were added in 1991. In 1992, TAM carried its eight millionth passenger. By 1993, through the use of the Fokker 100 fleet which now numbered at 14, TAM was serving 56 cities in Brazil.

    In 1996, TAM bought another air company, Helisul, which used the trade name of TAM. In 1997, TAM ordered its first large jets; the airline ordered 45 planes from Airbus, including 10 A330s, 4 A319s, and 34 A320s. In 1997, the Airbuses began to be delivered and the airline flew its first international service, from Sao Paulo to Miami International Airport.

    Two years later, in 1999, services to Europe were inaugurated through a code share service with Air France, to Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport. In 2000 the airline was renamed TAM Linhas Aereas in Portuguese. Long running discussions to merge with Varig ended in 2004. The airline is owned by the Amaro family (69%), the Bank Garantia Fund (22%), and others (7%). It employs 10,471 staff. (Source: Wikipedia - 2009)



    TAM Airlines Destinations

    Americas

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